DE-CIX white papers The following white papers are available on our website for download: Traffic routing basics (BGP focus)Lean more about inboud and outbound routing, how a router decides which path is best, localpref, MED and AS-PATH rules, and best practices.Download the white paper. 10 useful tips on how to maximize the benefits of peeringBernd Spiess, peering expert for several years, developed 10 tips for peering; from optimizing routing data base entries to prefix aggregation.Download the 10 tips. How to start peering at DE-CIX - GuidelinesLean how to start peering at DE-CIX: Get your access up and running, configure your route server peering, verify settings, set up direct peerings (direct BGP sessions), monitor your traffic, etc.Download the guidelines. Why is the Internet a Bigger Target than Ever?Clearly, the Internet is under greater threat than ever before. Recent reports reveal a dramatic spike - a 125 percent year-over-year increase - in what are referred to as DDoS (Distributed Denial of Service) attacks, resulting in costly and embarrassing service disruptions for organizations around the world. DE-CIX's white paper on Blackholing shows results of the first ever IXP Blackholing study and explains why you should use Blackholing to mitigate DDoS attacks.Download the white paper. Marseille's Position in the Global Telecommunications LandscapeDE-CIX has commissioned TeleGeography to examine the position of Marseille in the global telecommunicationslandscape. In assessing the role of this strategic location, this white paper reviews international capacity to Marseille; existing and planned submarine cables in the Mediterranean; the colocation market; and other trends.Download the white paper. Madrid's Position in the Global Telecommunications LandscapeHistorically bypassed by networks exchanging traffic in the traditional hubs of London or Paris, Madrid increasingly looks to be a promising market for peering. The imperative of content networks to localize caches, the sheer size of the local market, and the competitiveness of its network pricing combine to increase Madrid’s potential as a viable peering hub. The paper examines Spain’s international connectivity, its proximity to extensive subsea cable infrastructure, local demand, and pricing factors. Download the white paper. Istanbul's Position in the Global Telecommunications LandscapeIstanbul’s unique geographic position at the crossroads of Europe and Asia has made it a natural communicationsbridge between the two continents. Underlying indicators show strong growth and signs of further progress to come, despite challenges to the development of the local telecommunications market. This paper reviews Turkey’s international connectivity; its existing and planned infrastructure; transport and IP transit pricing trends; the colocation market; and the potential for Istanbul as a regional interconnection hub. Download the white paper. Palermo's Position in the Global Telecommunications LandscapeLong-seen as transit nodes for international traffic moving between submarine cable systems and terrestrial networks, Palermo may soon become a strategic point for peering interconnections. In this whitepaper, TeleGeography reviews international capacity to Palermo; existing and planned submarine cables in the Mediterranean; the colocation market; and other trends that could spur more interconnection to take place in this hub.Download the white paper. Internet infrastructure & interconnection in IndiaThis white paper reviews India’s international connectivity; its existing and planned infrastructure; transport and IP transit pricing trends; the colocation market; and the potential for Mumbai as a regional interconnection hub.Download the white paper.