Route Server Information
DE-CIX operates so-called Route Server system (s. RFC7947 for a detailed description) to facilitate the exchange of BGP announcements between peers at DE-CIX. Each peer needs only to setup a BGP connection to the Route Server in order to receive the BGP announcements of all other peers having a BGP connection with the route server.
BGP Session Parameters
This section provides a brief overview of the BGP session parameters to connect to the route servers:
|RIR macro (AS-SET)|| IPv4: AS-DECIX-MUC|
|Recommended max-prefix limit rs1/rs2 (your side):||IPv4: 200,000|
BGP Announcement Filtering
This section describes the filtering mechanism that can be used to filter BGP announcements.
You can safely accept any BGP announcements received via the route servers as DE-CIX filters all incoming BGP announcements from all peers. The filtering mechanism is described in the Section "DE-CIX Side".
If you additionally want to filter on your side based on AS-SETs, you can do so by using one or more of the following AS-SETs registered in the RIPE database:
|RIR macro (AS-SET)||Purpose|
|AS-DECIX-MUC||AS-SETs of all DE-CIX MUC customers (IPv4)|
|AS-DECIX-MUC-V6||AS-SETs of all DE-CIX MUC customers (IPv6)|
|AS-DECIX-MUC-CONNECTED||ASNs of all DE-CIX MUC customers|
At DE-CIX, the route servers filter based on AS-path as well as IP prefixes. The BGP announcements a Route Server receives from a peer are checked against the AS-SET the peer provided beforehand. The AS-SET can be changed by contacting the DE-CIX Customer Service team.
Based on an AS-SET provided by a peer a BGP announcement is checked as follows:
- The IP prefix is checked against martians (private and reserved IP prefixes as defined by RFC 1918, RFC 5735, and RFC 6598).
- The IP prefix is checked to be registered in a RIR database by an AS as part of the recursively resolved AS-SET.
- The origin AS is checked by resolving the AS-SET provided by the peer recursively.
- The AS-path is checked against martians (private and reserved ASN numbers as defined by RFC7607, RFC6793, RFC5398, RFC6996, RFC7300, RFC5398).
The DE-CIX filters are updated every 4 hours. Don't forget to register your IP prefixes in the RIR database well in advance (at least 24h before announcing the first time).
Route Server Setup
The Route Servers at DE-CIX consists of two machines. The software utilized to provide the Route Server service is BIRD.
Even so that the Route Server system consists of two machines only one is required. However, every peer is requested to connect to both machines so that in case one machines is out of order (e.g. maintenance), the Route Server service can still be consumed.
If the conventional route server system receives a BGP announcement marked as a Blackhole, the NO-EXPORT community and the BLACKHOLE Community are added. This makes sure each BGP announcement marked as Blackhole can be easily filtered and does not spread widely in the Internet routing system.
Route Server Control
Operational BGP Communities can be used to control various functions of the route server. With this communities, you can:
- control the redistribution of advertised prefixes
- prepend your own AS up to three times
- trigger the calculation of a new alternate path (if available) for your advertised prefixes before you start commencing a maintenance
More information can be found here.
Route Server Prefix Information
Informational BGP Communities are used to signal various information about redistributed prefixes. The DE-CIX route servers tag all prefixes with certain BGP Communities to indicate their origin. You can use this information to determine where a certain prefix has been injected into the DE-CIX switching platform. This gives you the possibility to filter routes learned from the route servers based on geographical location.
More information can be found here.
Route Server Session Types
We offer two session types:
Standard/Public Session (default)
- We re-distribute all your announcements to other peers while honoring the BGP Communities which allow you to restrict your announcements
- We advertise all announcements from other peers to you while honoring the BGP Communities which allow others peers to restrict their announcements
From an operational point of view, it is advised to set up BGP connections to both Route Servers, even if you do not wan't to peer with (i.e. advertise prefixes to) the Route Servers. This helps DE-CIX staff to monitor the availability of each peer.
DE-CIX can configure your BGP sessions to the Route Servers as so-called "looking glass" sessions which means the Route Servers will not re-distribute any BGP announcement received from your router. We also will not advertise any prefixes to you.
If you want to have your BGP sessions to the Route Servers configured as "looking glass" sessions please contact Customer Service.